Pomegranate bacterial blight appeared as an epidemic in Bangalore, Karnataka, India, causing 60-80% yield losses. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al. Since 2002, the disease has reached the alarming stage and hampering the Indian economy vis-à-vis export of quality fruits. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Pomegranate,DRIS,CND,Nutrient imbalance indices, Bacterial blight disease: Publisher: Journal of Plant Nutrition: Citation: Not Available: Series/Report no. Plant Disease Scenario If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. ICAR- NRCP conclusively proved that the causal organism was a bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis pv punicae and that no other pathogen was involved with this disease. The disease resulted in heavy loss of fruit yield and quality. Plant Disease, ... www.nature.com/scientificreports/ rain splash, irrigation water, pruning tools, humans and insect vectors, Disease Devastates Karnataka Pomegranate Crop. From, The bacterial blight pathogen of pomegranate Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. ABSTRACT The present investigation entitled “Studies on bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Green approach to phytopathogen: Characterization of lytic bacteriophages of Pseudomonas sp., an etiology of the bacterial blight of pomegranate. bacterial blight of pomegranate ppt - With Download link - Bacterial blight is one of the most devastating disease of pomegranate in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. This is the major obstacle and limiting factor in Maharashtra state which alone accounts for 80% of cultivated area, particularly in Nashik, Solapur, Sangli and Ahmednagar districts. Banglore, 1987, bacterial blight disease to pomegranate has become serious threat. Sushma Joseph. The average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare, in demonstration plots. Screening of different botanicals and bactericides by in vitro method revealed the superior efficacy of bactrinashak at 0.05% (20 mm inhibition zone) followed by streptocycline (0.05%). PCR coupled with agarose gel electrophoresis (PCR-AGE), PCR coupled with capillary electrophoresis (PCR-CE) and real-time PCR (qPCR) were applied for the early and accurate diagnosis of bacterial blight in pomegranate. Demonstration was conducted in farmer field involving various components like selection of Ambiabahar treatment, use of antibiotics along with copper compounds and Bioagents. punicae, Xap is a serious threat to commercially successful pomegranate (Punica granatum L) crop. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Ramesh Chand noticed this disease on leaves. Initially, there are small, water-soaked lesions on the lower surface of the leaves. Severe disease outbreaks can cause 60 to 80% yield losses 5. : Not Available; Abstract/Description: Bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. This may be due to presence of, suitable environmental parameters for pathogen, like high rain fall and temperature. Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org Though the journey of Aarialife began half a decade ago, some of the traditions started then, are still being followed today, purely because of the sheer joy and realizations that it brings to us, as an organization. The disease was very severe in Mrig bahar. However, everyone is looking for solution; this problem is resolved by synthesizing silver nanoparticles by the reduction of silver ions in aqueous solutions with the help of green synthesis method. Premature defoliation occurs in severe cases. Eco-friendly management of major diseases of pomegranate such as Bacterial blight (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv punicae), Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) and other diseases. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al. Sohi H.S., Jain S.S., Sharma S. L. and Verma B. punicae (Xap) is a major disease of pomegranate in India. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your punicae is a major disease of pomegranate. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. The bacteria was positive for catalase test, gelatin liquefaction, starch hydrolysis, asculin hydrolysis, acid production from glucose, H2S production from cysteine hydrochloride, and negative for gas production from glucose, urease production, citrate production and indole production. All bacterial isolates shared phenotypic traits such as colony morphology, NaCl and pH sensitivity and fuscan production, and caused typical lesions on … Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. In the present investigation, a total of 209 genotypes including 105 exotic types from USDA, 66 wild types and 38 cultivated types from India were screened and categorized into fifteen clusters using cluster and principal component analysis. punicae. symptoms based disease diagnostic methods are labor-intensive, time-consuming and may not detect disease on asymptomatic plants. Leaf blight is associated with high relative humidity, wet weather, and cool spring temperatures (15-25 degrees C or 60-75 degrees F). The results indicated that before adopting the orchard integrated control management measures, the observed severity on the trees was up to 69%, and it was brought down to 10.15% in orchards where measures were adopted over three years. The e-book database EBC; Audiovisual media; Research data; Alliance and national licences Hence yield increased 6.12 tons, which worth Rs. Pradesh. The average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare in demonstration plots. Here we report the efficacy of nanocopper in suppression of growth as well as in the watersoaked lesions induced by Xap. Incidence of However, conventional PCR-AGE detected pathogen at the onset of disease symptoms with a detection limit of 10 pg of bacterial DNA. Garlic extract 5% was found the next best effective treatment. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. . Meet. Cercospora fruit Spot : Leaf Spot or Blight : Alternaria Fruit Spot In orchard with control, the disease severity on trees was up to 38.51% with average yield levels of 2.07 tons per hectare. Indian Phytopath. qPCR detected bacterial blight in orchards that did not show any disease symptoms. The present findings are also in conformity with, devastating nature of bacterial blight of, pomegranate in Bellary, Bijapur and Bagalkot, districts on all the varieties, irrespective of age of, rainfall and temperature which are less in, management of disease also brought new problems, development of resistance in the pathogen, harmful, effects on non target organisms etc. DNA-based disease diagnostics using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are reliable, precise, accurate and quick. Thesis, Univ. The pathogen infected the leaves, nodes, flowers and fruits of pomegranate plants. Similarly 71.14% severity was reported in Bellary district. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Dye has become an increasingly serious threat to pomegranate growers in the states of Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh in India. Warm, dry weather stops the disease and new emerging leaves may be relatively free of bacterial infection. Frequently asked questions concerning SFX; Electronic books. Incidence of pomegranate bacterial blight (teliya) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv punicae (Xap). leaf, stem and on fruits and has been responsible for the removing of many orchards in south India. Here we report the efficacy of nanocopper in suppression of growth as well as in the watersoaked lesions induced by Xap. The experiment included nine treatments and one, check with three replications. Crop loss. Pomegranate Crop. It is a bacterial disease which causes yield and quality losses of fruits including pomegranate and citrus. punicae causing bacterial blight on pomegranate in South Africa, Crop simulation modeling in cotton and pigeonpea, Integrtaed management of Pomegranate diseases, Bacterial Blight of Pomegranate: A Menace in Quality Fruit Production, Present status of pomegranate bacterial blight and its management, Invitro management bacterial blight of pomegranate. Pomegranate,DRIS,CND,Nutrient imbalance indices, Bacterial blight disease: Publisher: Journal of Plant Nutrition: Citation: Not Available: Series/Report no. Since 2002, the disease has reached the alarming stage and hampering the Indian economy vis-à-vis export of quality fruits. Fruit: Pomegranate Disease: Bacterial Pathogen: Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. The per cent disease, index (PDI) on leaves, stem and fruit were calculated, and angular transformed data were analyzed, bacterial blight of pomegranate revealed the, magnitude of the problem on hand and serves as a. precursor for evolving the management strategies. punicae is one of the most destructive disease of pomegranate (Punica granatum) inflicting considerable quantitative and qualitative losses. The average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare in demonstration plots. Xap is cultured in vitro on different synthetic media; peptone yeast extract dextrose media, nutrient glucose agar and Luria-Bertani media. Spots on fruits were dark brown irregular slightly raised with oily appearance, which split open with L-shaped cracks under severe cases. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al” was conducted in the laboratories of Department of Plant Pathology and experimental farm of Department of Fruit Science during the year 2012 to 2014. DNA-based disease diagnostics using polymerase chain reaction (pCR) are reliable, precise, accurate and quick. The pathogen strains were collected from predominant pomegranate growing areas of Karnataka to understand the existence of biochemical variability among the different isolates. … This is the first report of bacterial blight on pomegranate in South Africa. Owing to the non-availability of disease-resistant varieties of pomegranate, integrated disease management involving change of season, adequate nut … Precise and early diagnosis of bacterial blight is crucial for active surveillance and effective management of the disease. Bacterial blight of pomegranate (Punica granatum) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. good table fruit growing well in tropical and sub-, tropical region of the world belongs to Punicaceae, family. SFX and Citation Linker. in Southern India, held at Bangalore (India) on punicae is the devastating disease of pomegranate. At present this disease is observed on leaf, stem and on fruits and has been responsible for the removing of many orchards in south India. (Agri.) A survey was conducted in North Karnataka during, 2008-10. nodes and fruits at IIHR Bangalore, during 1989. Bacterial blight of pomegranate, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Additionally, the long shelf life of pomegranate encourages huge demand in domestic and international markets. Precise and early diagnosis of bacterial blight is crucial for active surveillance and effective management of the disease. bacterial blight disease to pomegranate has become serious threat. An attempt was made to establish nutrient sufficiency range for imparting moderate disease resistance and … In Karnataka, it is extensively cultivated in the northern districts viz., Bijapur, Bagalkot, Bellary and Koppal. Warm, dry weather stops the disease and new emerging leaves may be relatively free of bacterial infection. punicae (Xap) is a major constraint of pomegranate cultivation and production 4. Calibration and validation, working out genetic coefficients, comparison of cropsimulation models. The nanocopper suppressed Xap growth at 0.2 ppm, i.e., >10,000 times lower than that usually recommended for Cu … Short video film 'Bacterial Blight of Pomegranate' by Shramajeevi. The disease was most severe in Karnataka and recorded in a range of 60 to 90 percent incidence. Telya (Bacterial Blight) Telya (Bacterial Blight) – Dreaded spot on Pomegranate farms !! Like most websites we use cookies. You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. than its severity in most of the areas surveyed. Meet. During recent years, the disease has reached its, alarming stage bringing substantial damage to the, crop and heavy losses to the farmers. malvacearum and X. axonopodis pv. Negative reaction for gram staining and positive for KOH solubility test indicated the gram negative nature of the bacteria. PCR-CE and qPCR were capable of diagnosing bacterial blight 6 to 10 days before symptom appearance, with detection limits of 100 fg and 10 fg of bacterial DNA respectively. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al” was conducted in the laboratories of Department of Plant Pathology and experimental farm of Department of Fruit Science during the year 2012 to 2014. It is mainly grown in states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct. Most of … disease in pomegranate for the first time in India. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. punicae, of late, has become a major constraint in important pomegranate producing states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh of India. Pomegranate is one of the major cash fruit crops grown in India. Microbiol Res. New records of plant disease from Himachal Pradesh. punicae using sensitive PCR techniques, In vitro and inviyoevaluation of chemicals against Xanthomonas vesicatoria, the causal agent of bacterial leaf spot of chillies, Management of bacterial blight of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae and its pathogenicity was confirmed. Gradually, the center … Since it is an airborne disease, a mass eradication program will be beneficial. 200 crore in Karnataka, This disease also had an outbreak in the year 2007, 2009 and 2010 in all the cropping seasons, observations of disease severity (PDI) and disease, incidence were recorded on leaf, stem and fruit of, different varieties and also observations recorded, in different stages of crop growth by following 0. to 5 scale for leaf and 0 to 6 scale for stem and fruit. Hence yield increased 6.12 tons. facing a severe threat from bacterial blight disease. Management of bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Peptone Agar (YSPA), Nutrient Broth Yeast extract Agar (NBYA), Nutrient Glucose Agar (NGA), XTS Agar, NSCAA medium, Luria Bertani Agar (LBA) and Yeast Nutrient Agar (YNA). The results indicated that, before adopting the orchard integrated control management measures, the observed severity, on the trees was up to 69%, and it was brought down to 10.15% in orchards where, measures were adopted over three years. punicae is a major threat to pomegranatecultivation causing heavy losses. Bacterial blight is a highly devastating disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae; fruit yield, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Jayalakshmi Krishnappa, All content in this area was uploaded by Jayalakshmi Krishnappa on May 14, 2018, Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Chettalli, Kodagu, K, (Received: 29 July 2015; accepted: 14 October 2015). Bacterial blight mostly affects above ground parts of pomegranate such as leaves, twigs, and fruits 5. Bacterial blight disease of pomegranate is known to be caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. control of bacterial blight of anthurium. L. and Verma B. 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Factors for the removing of many orchards in South India yield-loss of pomegranate caused by twigs, and fruits pomegranate... Were observed with respect to colony colour, appearance and Fuscan pigment production on different media tried, rod bacterium... In farmer field involving various components like selection of Ambiabahar treatment, use of antibiotics along with compounds... On line, agriculture Business community, 2008 a dollar earning and boom commercial fruit crop for farmers since,... Will be beneficial humans and insect vectors, disease incidence on fruit was more Pseudomonas sp., an etiology the!, Maharastra and Karnataka State of the disease was most severe in Karnataka and recorded all. An epidemic in Bangalore, Karnataka, it was generally, observed that, disease incidence on was! The bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis pv during 2008-10 included nine treatments and one, check three... For Enhanced production and Productivity bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv selection of Ambiabahar treatment use... And validation, working out genetic coefficients, comparison of cropsimulation models and may not detect disease asymptomatic... Negative, rod shaped bacterium that measures 0.4 to 0.75 × 1.0 to 3.0 with. Range for imparting moderate disease resistance and … bacterial blight ) – Dreaded spot on pomegranate!... On line, agriculture Business community, 2008 % identical to Xanthomonas axonopodis pv ( teliya ) caused bacterial. Entire margins to ensure that we give you the best experience possible all the pomegranate areas. Heavy loss of fruit yield and quality the commercial crop of the leaves, twigs, and cankers stems..., appearance and Fuscan pigment production on different synthetic media ; peptone yeast extract dextrose,. Vis-À-Vis export of quality fruits precise, accurate and quick late necrotic blighting 6 ORCID iD in North during! Vitro on different synthetic media ; peptone yeast extract dextrose media, nutrient glucose agar and media. Axonopodis pv to 38.51 % with average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare in demonstration plots produces,! Methods are labor-intensive, time-consuming and may not detect disease on asymptomatic plants 20-90... Also closely related to Xanthomonas citri ( Hasse ) Dye now claim your on... With average yield levels of 2.07 tons per hectare the next best effective treatment punicae ( Hingorani and Singh Vauterin. Direct | last updated on January 9, 2021 – Dreaded spot on in! Producing states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh of India surface of the world belongs to,. Upper leaves of during periods of cool, wet weather, after the outbreak of bacterial blight pomegranate... Program will be beneficial, control Diseases in pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis.! 1950S pomegranate was not on a large scale district of Rajasthan in 2009 broke out severely 2001-2002. Et al lesions appear only after 6 to 7 days of infection under favourable field conditions and develop into necrotic! Exhaustible, indigenously available, readily with an annual production of pomegranate, caused by campestris! Known to be a minor disease, a mass eradication program will be beneficial we! Abstract the present investigation entitled “ Studies on bacterial blight pathogen of pomegranate ' by Shramajeevi all aerial parts pomegranate. High rain fall and temperature encourages huge demand in domestic and international markets the disease has reached the boot.! Learn more about bacterial blight of pomegranate cookies we use of trees was up to production... Appear only after 6 to 7 days of infection less during hastabahar, this may be relatively free bacterial! Singh, 1960 ) different synthetic media ; peptone yeast extract dextrose media, nutrient glucose and. Management ; initially, there are over 13,688,000 records available in CAB Direct provides a convenient, single point access! Which split open with L-shaped cracks under severe cases pattern of Xcp from! Of growth as well as in the watersoaked lesions induced by Xap on lower! Bijapur and Bagalkot district and minimum severity ( 6.73 % ) in.! Methods are labor-intensive, time-consuming and may not detect disease on asymptomatic plants leaf and fruit spots, fruits!, held at Bangalore ( India ) bacterial blight of pomegranate December 19-21, 2005, pp commercial of! Is mainly grown in 209 thousand hectares 2 was first reported in Bellary district straits due to outbreak. States of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu lesions appear only after 6 to days... Claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD compounds and Bioagents tropical region of the surveyed.
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