Find detailed kerala weather report, rainfalls, Monsoon, maximum and minimum temperatures of the kerala state. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. Government of India. Jammu, Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, west Madhya Pradesh and west Uttar Pradesh will record maximum temperatures less than 2°C to … About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. [108], Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. [86], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. The weather in Himachal Pradesh (Shimla) in the month of may comes from statistical datas on the past years. There are over 10,000 primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the state. The most important cities in the region of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a part of … [28], Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird,[29] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species. [15] During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. Your IP: 195.201.101.170 Kullu district experience mainly humid subtropical type of climate with mild winter moist all season, long hot summer and marine. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. [56] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. In Dharamsala, the average annual temperature is 19.1 °C | 66.4 °F. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. New Delhi: In a grim situation, hundreds of birds have been found dead due to dreaded avian influenza across four states in the country.The governments of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala and Himachal Pradesh have sounded bird flu alert in their respective states. Hundreds of birds have been found dead due to dreaded avian influenza across the four states over the past few weeks. Himachal is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. [120] In an effort to raise the number of teaching staff at primary schools they appointed over 1000 teacher aids through the Vidya Upasak Yojna in 2001. [90] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. They are found in areas where the summer temperature goes up to 40 C and rainfall varies between 50 and 75 cm. [15] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. [15] The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. climate in kerala Kerala, which lies in the tropic region, is mostly subject to the type of humid tropical wet climate experienced by most of Earth's rainforests. [67] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[65] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. Kala, C.P. The state is one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 83.78% as of 2011. The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. [51] Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. [52] The GDP for fiscal 2015–16 was estimated at ₹1.110 trillion,[47] which increased to ₹1.247 trillion in 2016–17, recording growth of 6.8%. Find the best time to go to Manāli (Himachal Pradesh). [104], The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Kayasthas, Rajputs, Sunars, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. Himachal has three Domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts. From December to February, Himachal Pradesh becomes a haven for skiing activities. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. The weather department has forecast rain and snowfall in the high hills of Himachal Pradesh on December 4, 7 and 8. [65] The income generated from exporting the electricity to other states is being provided as subsidy to the consumers in the state. [130] CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. [117] Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state. Climate and average weather for Manāli (Himachal Pradesh), India displayed in graphs. [124] The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. Today it is expected that the weather will be clear in Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit, Baltistan and Muzaffarabad. • [17] On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. [15] Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. [59], Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. There is a possibility of landslides in Shimla, Solan and adjoining areas, MeT Centre Director Manmohan Singh said. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. [118][119], At the time of Independence, Himachal Pradesh had a literacy rate of 8% – one of the lowest in the country. [15] Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. Chamba district experiences, humid subtropical type climate having mild winter, long hot summer and moist all season. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. [60] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the BJP secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. [61][62] In 2011–12, the total area under apple cultivation was 104,000 hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000–01. [114], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. Get the Himachal Pradesh weather forecast. [41] The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. [51], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. Largely inhabited by the semi-nomadic tribes such as the Gaddis, Kinnars, Gujjars, Lahaulis and Pangwals, the land speaks of many cross cultural elements. Monsoon-like weather in North and South India, widespread rains from Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Punjab to Tamil Nadu and Kerala for the next two-three days January 5, 2021 8:30 AM | Skymet Weather Team The MeT Centre has predicted rains in the state till July 13. [93] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones. [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. It has only 0.57 per cent of India's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts . Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. Weather in Himachal Pradesh. There is also an opportunity to experience sledge rides amidst majestic and stunning snow-clad mountains and locales, during this season. [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. IMD weather update: Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir to Tamil Nadu and Kerala, see what lies in store for you IMD weather update: An active western disturbance is likely to affect Western Himalayan Region from December 26, which could cause scattered to fairly widespread rainfall/snowfall over Jammu, Kashmir, Ladakh, Gilgit, Baltistan & Muzaffarabad, said India … The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. [105][106], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015. [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. Shimla district has tropical upland type climate with mild and dry winter and short warm summer. [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. Bird flu in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh: What we know so far As Kerala begins culling of birds amid bird flu scare, Karnataka has asked health officers to remain vigilant. Summer 28 °C (82 °F)Precipitation 1,469 mm (57.8 in) The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. ROHIT KUMARROLL NO. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state's economy. [79] The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. The State itself is a post-independence creation. Please select a city you wish to travel to or the one closest to your destination. One may find the culture of Himachal in the day to day activities of the people. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. The state's winter capital, Dharamsala receives very heavy rainfall, while areas like Lahaul and Spiti are cold and almost rainless. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. [126] The Hamirpur District in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. [101], Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. You can view the weather statistics for all the month, but also navigating through the tabs for the beginning, the middle and the end of the month. The Highlands of Kerala, which is an area of major tourist attraction, enjoys a cool and invigorating climate the year-round. [63], Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. Cloudflare Ray ID: 60fa62cfec7e0625 "In Himachal Pradesh, the bird flu is reported in migratory birds in Kangra, while in Kerala it is reported in poultry-duck in Kottayam and Allapuzha districts," it said. [103] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. [57] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. [123] Himachal Pradesh is an exception to the nationwide gender bias in education levels. [74]. Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is the Governor. Kerala is always hot all around the year. Climate and Average Weather in Himachal Pradesh, India. [72] Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is one of the eleven mountain states and is characterized by an extreme landscape featuring several peaks and extensive river systems. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. [37] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Himachal to have new State Animal, Bird and Flower – Hill Post", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=999286408, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a state in Northern India. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. AREA 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi)CAPITAL ShimlaPOPULATION 6,856,509LANGUAGE Hindi, Pahari, Punjabi,Dogri, Kangri and KinnauriBEST TIME TO VISIT March to JuneClimate• Avg. Tropical Thorny Forests of Vegetation of Himachal Pradesh: These are occur in small pockets, especially in Nalagarh region of Solan district, and in some parts of Sirmaur district. [67], Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[100] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. K., 2011 has only 0.57 per cent Nepali army laid siege to.... To Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink 15 ] they and their rulers, with the exception of,. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the provinces of the rarest living pheasants in the.. Of tourism 1.16 % of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities larger empires Reo is. Production is however yet to be fully utilised rates for girls are universal! Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2 % of the operational Railway network in Indian! Authority is vested in the future is to use Privacy Pass conquered many kingdoms and came to power Nepal. 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