• Almost 80% of the world's high-quality jute comes from Bangladesh. Crop can also refer a harvest part or a refined state like shelled or husked produce. It requires 12.5 hours of sunlight of the day. Over 60 per cent of jute in the world is produced in India with an annual production of 11,494 bale. yashu97 yashu97 11.02.2018 Science Primary School ... Jute is cultivated in rainy season. To tackle the situation, Hussain and other jute growers stopped cultivating the locally available variety of jute. Jute cultivation: Climate change impact has ruined the cultivators of the golden fibre in Assam. Jute mallow is planted either by direct seeding or transplanting. The jute crops are damaged when excess water is deposited on the field for a longer duration,” says Hussain. Apart from jute cultivation, jute industry too employs over 0.26 million people. Compared to this production is no longer ensured in jute cultivation. After maturing, the bolls burst open and the seeds covered with cotton fibres can be seen. Only earthing up of plants required to avoid stem rot and death during following rainy season . What is fabric? These are called synthetic fibres. Disclaimer | “Most of these farmers, who have abandoned jute cultivation, shifted to Eri rice cultivation. Join now. Ginning was traditionally done by hand. Jute; Jute fibre is obtained generally from the stem of the jute plant. Similarly, less rain or dry season also have negative impact of its production. In Northeast region including Assam, it has been observed that the amount of rainfall during Monsoon has decreased since 1985. Jute cultivation requires about 160 cm to 200 cm rainfall. Fabrics are made up of yarns and yarns are further made up of fibres. A simple device used for spinning is a hand spindle, also called takli. The change in normal rain has affected all types of cultivation including jute cultivation. Grown in West Bengal, Assam and Bihar. Jute requires well distributed heavy rainfall of 150 cm. There was a time when everyone of our area used to grow jute. 6. The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. The rains and floods were not so irregular. From stem of jute plant. These are called natural fibres. Fabric is made up of … Jute is a rainy season crop, sown from March to May according to rainfall and type of land. Direct seeding is used when seed is plenty, labor is limited and during the dry season when flooding is not a problem. There were natural channels the excess water to drain out of the fields. Q.16. Share 1 Jute fibre is cultivated during the rainy season. An affordable twine made of 100% jute, this twine is also environmentally friendly, biodegradable, and compostable. 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He, however, is not alone. Why jute plants are cut at flowering stage and not on complete maturation ? It will have all the chapters of all the Subjects. The fibres of some fabrics such as cotton, jute, silk and wool are obtained from plants and animals. The jute plant is generally harvested when it is in the flowering stage. Wool is obtained from the fleece of sheep or goat. The place where Hussain and others grew jute now seems like a barren land. Jute cultivation is highly labour intensive, and it requires manpower. Till some years the yield per bigha was 15-16 maund (one maund equals 40 kilograms), which has now come down to 10-12 maunds” Hussain says. There is a variety of clothing material or fabric, such as, cotton, silk, wool and polyester. Jute is an amazing fibre - it's incredibly sustainable, it's affordable, it's fast-drying and it's breathable. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. But jute can be cultivated in all types of land except sandy and clayey soil. • Jute is a fibre obtained from the bark of the jute plant. Seeds are then sowed by broad-tasting or sometimes by dibbling. Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric Questions and Answers PDF. It is cultivated during the rainy season. It also contributes to enhance nutrients of the farmland. Tosha jute can be cultivated in high land and deshi jute in both high and low land. Jute is mostly produced in Barpeta, Goalpara, Nagaon and Darrang districts in the state. Jute fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. Prepare - Deeper check of your Knowledge, take this test of 25 questions. Q19: In which season jute plant is cultivated? It is cultivated during the rainy season. Some of them have tried to find other means of livelihoods. These days, machines are also used for ginning. The jute plant is normally harvested when it is at flowering stage. The jute plant is generally harvested when it is in the flowering stage. But this time he is totally ruined. Cotton, jute, silk, wool, etc., are obtained from natural sources, i.e., animals or plants, Polyester, nylon, rayon, etc., are man … The stems of jute plants are soaked in … (a) Bihar (b) Assam (c) West Bengal (d) … This Golden Fibre provides livelihood options to almost four million farmers of the country. In India, jute is cultivated in West Bengal, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh and Tripura. In India, jute is mainly grown in West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. Cotton and jute are examples of fibres obtained from plants. Cultivated in rainy season. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibers, and second only to cotton in the amount produced and variety of uses. However, due to change in weather conditions that lead to excessive rain and sudden flood during monsoon, most of these farmers engaged in growing jute traditionally, have shifted to Eri rice cultivation. Kharif crops, monsoon crops or autumn crops are domesticated plants like rice that are cultivated and harvested in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh during the Indian subcontinent's monsoon season, which lasts from June to November depending on the area. The fruits of the cotton plant (cotton bolls) are about the size of a lemon. Bangladeshi farmers during the rainy season. It prefers an alluvial soil although it can be grown in other types of soil. Synthetic fibres: nylon, polyester. Cultivation of Jute The stem of jute plant contains jute fibres. Vegetables Cultivated in the Tropics. To make fabrics, all these fibres are converted into yarns. Crop Plants Information: The crop is a plant or animal that can be grown for human use and profits. The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. However, now only I am growing jute”, he further says. Silk fibre is drawn from the cocoon of silkworm. Question 11. The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a long time. Climate Required for Jute Cultivation:- Jute crop grows well in rainfed, moderate, warm humid atmosphere and sunshine conditions. The stems rot and fibres are separated by hand. Buy Whole package. It is cultivated during the rainy season. And we wear woollen clothes in winter season because as they trap the air and keeps our body … India earns almost Rs. Jute fibers are composed primarily of the plant materials cellulose and lignin.It falls into the bast fiber category (fiber collected from bast, the phloem of the plant, sometimes called the "skin") along with kenaf, industrial hemp, flax (), ramie, etc. Rise in temperature is the primary reason in the areas where climate change indicators have been observed. Answer (d) alluvial Jute plant grown in alluvial soil. During the rainy season the plants then cut and bundled. Harvested when it is at the flowering stage. Some examples of synthetic fibres are polyester, nylon and acrylic. Climate 2. “I myself cultivated jute in my three and half bigha of land while sharecroppers grew jute in the remaining two bighas. It is also obtained from the hair of rabbits, yak and camels. I have observed in a study on jute cultivation that due to drying of the wetland on account of less rainfall there is now shortage in natural wetlands which are required for retting of jute, in which jute plant is kept immersed in water for a few days. ADVERTISEMENTS: Essential growth conditions required for the cultivation of coffee are as follows: 1. In knitting, a single yarn is used to make a piece of fabric. Crop word is being used extensively both in agriculture, horticulture … In 2014-15, Assam stood at the third place in India in jute cultivation with a production of 795 bales. Jute cultivation enhances the quality of land. In India, jute is mainly grown in West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. Crop damage may also occur when water gets deposited on the field. Therefore, heavy rain or draught affect agriculture in the state. This brings the fibres together to form a yarn. Click here to get an answer to your question ️ in which season jute is cultivated 1. Jute cultivation-Climate change impact has ruined the cultivators of the golden fibre in Assam It was difficult for Anowar Hussain to hold back the tears and he cannot decide what to do when he looked at his jute cultivation field left ravaged by monsoon flood. Knitting is done by hand and also on machines. The process of arranging two sets of yarns together to make a fabric is called weaving. Let's take a closer look at exactly how this fibre is cultivated, the type of fabrics it makes and just why it's so eco-friendly. Jute. About four months after planting, harvesting begins. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. Humid weather will result in good yield. Contact Us | • Jute grows best in loamy soil (mixture of sand, silt, and clay), sandy soil, and clayey soil. Where is jute grown in India ? In India, jute is cultivated in West Bengal, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh and Tripura. Jute Fibre Extraction Generally Jute plants grow to an height of 12 to 15 ft within 3 months from the plantation of seed. All the jute growers in the area, in fact, are at a loss. Jute is a rainy season crop, growing best in warm, humid climates. Flood destroyed all these crops. This process is called ginning of cotton. Jute fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. Planting is done at the beginning of the rainy season (May-June). The farmer also says apart from flood, jute cultivation of the area also got damaged due to insect attack. Land selection: The fertile loamy soil is the most suitable for jute cultivation. Worlds finest Jute is produced in Bengal Delta Plain, mostly in Bangladesh and India.China also produces large number of Jute … To grow jute, farmers scatter the seeds on cultivated soil. The insect eats the buds of the leaves, damaging the growth system of the jute plants. After cutting of jute plants it is left for some days in the field when leaves are dried up these are immersed in stagnant water. Share with your friends. Barpeta district has a rich tradition of growing jute. This fertile geographic region is … Cellulose is the material which forms the cell walls in all plants. We have come to know from certain studies that some phenomena that indicate climate change have occurred in Assam. However, tragic tales of jute cultivators devasted by climate change impact have painted a gloomy picture in Assam. Economic Conditions! Eri rice cultivation involves huge cost, but the production is ensured. Natural fibres: wool, cotton, jute, silk. View Answer. The optimum range of temperature required is 18°-33°C. 1. At that time it was more or less a garden plant and its leaves were used as a vegetable and for medicinal purposes. India is the largest jute producing country in the world. In this process, fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. Climate expert Dr Partha Jyoti Das, who heads the Water, Climate and Hazard Division of Aaranyak, says: “A lot of scientific data have been published so far about the climate change impact on the entire Brahmaputra basin and Northeast region, the Eastern Himalayan region in particular. Almost 85% of the world's jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges Delta. All Rights Reserved. Even though this variety is water-resistant, it cannot survive in excess water,” he adds. Rainy season. Exercise Questions. “This year, we have to face loss in both the varieties of jute. Jute requires a warm and humid climate with temperature between 24° C to 37° C. Constant rain or water-logging is harmful. It is cultivated in the rainy season and is normally harvested when it is at the flowering stage. Ask your question. The average temperature in almost every place of the world has risen and latest data say that global temperature has increased by around 1.1 degree Celsius. (a) black soil (b) loamy soil (c) white soil (d) alluvial. The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning. 100% germination 9. It is harvested from June to September depending upon whether the sowings are early or late. Passage - 3 Material used for making clothes that we wear during line rent seasons is obtained from natural as well asman-made sources. Jute is cultivated during the rainy season. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following temperature and rainfall conditions are […] Besides, the scientists have observed changes in amount of average rainfall during the Monsoon season in entire country. Till recently, most of the cultivators in Koyakuchi used to grow this cash crop, which they have been growing from generation to generations. Jute is cultivated during the rainy season. 25°C to 30°C is ideal for jute cultivation. Jute plant is cultivated mainly in Indian subcontinent and in Arfican countries. Prince shak (jute mallow) is very much similar to jute ... cultivated as ornamental plants along the side of the kitchen garden in monsoon season. hlo... pavana hlo m dng hai dont chat here ok.. New questions in Science. The threat of this factor is more frequent in cultivation of early phase of Tosa variety. It can be sustained on a temperature range of 15-380 Celsius. The stalks are cut off close to the ground. From these bolls, cotton is usually picked by hand. • It is cultivated during the rainy season. When the plants are about 15–20 cm tall, they are thinned out. In Northeast region and Assam too, the average temperature has increased and fluctuation in seasonal temperatures have been observed. 5. Jute industry has a considerable share in Indian economy. In which soil jute plant grow ? Jute grows well where the annual rainfall is 1500 mm or more, with at least 250 mm during each of the months of March, April and May. Wool and silk fibres are obtained from animals. Stuck At Home? The land in which silt is deposited at the later period of rainy season is suitable for jute cultivation. View Answer Q22: The jute plant is harvested at_____ stage. The two main processes are weaving and knitting. Only the skeletons of damaged plants are standing on the fields. Copyright NEZINE.com. 8. It is cultivated mainly during the rainy season. Again, like excessive rains and floods, excessive heat too, may damage the crop Hussain laments that his crops were damaged many times in the past because of such extreme weather conditions. The jute fibers are located beneath the bark, primarily concentrated near the woody, central parts of the stalk. Cotton plants are usually grown at places having black soil and warm climate. The adverse impact of irregular rains is more on crops grown post- monsoon and on Rabi crops. Therefore, climate change is having its impact on jute cultivation.”. The looms are either hand operated or power operated. View Answer. Jute is cultivated in the rainy season. The Living Organisms and Their Surroundings. Tomatoes will grow in the tropics, but plant them during the winter or dry season, not the rainy season. “The local variety is called Sada, and we used to grow it from generations to generations and now we have shifted to Tosa, a water-resistant variety of jute brought from outside. The stems rot and fibres are separated by hand. Covers … nezine.com File Photo /Ratna Bharali Talukdar. It requires high temperature varying from 24°C to 35°C and heavy rainfall of 120 to 150 cm with 80 to 90 per cent relative humidity during the period of its growth Small amount of pre-monsoon rainfall varying from 25 cm to 55 cm is very useful because it helps in the proper growth of the plant till the arrival of the proper monsoon. All plants fibres are made up of cellulose. About Us | The jute plant is normally harvested when it is at flowering stage. A single yarn gets pulled out continuously as the fabric gets unravelled. The jute plant is normally harvested when it is at flowering stage. Increase in temperature and excessive heat due to global warming have caused deep impact in the production of jute. Answer: Fabric means a woven material, a textile or other material resembling woven cloth. The jute plant is normally harvested when it is at a flowering stage. However, it is difficult to say what kind of impact and where it has occurred specifically in respect of Assam. Each part of this plant can be used for different purposes. Q21: Name two states of India in which jute is grown. Q20: Separating the cotton fibres from the seeds is known as _____. Jute is one of the important natural fibers after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage. 1200 Crore annually by exporting jute products. Soils 5. Cultivation is dependent on the climate, season, and soil. This is why scientists and policy makers have shown keen interest in jute production to check climate change impacts and to conserve environment. Another hand operated device used for spinning is charkha Spinning of yarn on a large scale is done with the help of spinning machines. Why do we wear different clothes in different seasons? It was difficult for Anowar Hussain to hold back the tears and he cannot decide what to do when he looked at his jute cultivation field left ravaged by monsoon flood. The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. Q.15. The agricultural activities in Assam are intricately dependent on right amount of rain in right time and therefore such changes have their impacts on the state’s agriculture. These fabrics are used for a variety of clothing items. This is why, most of the growers have almost abandoned this crop due to decline in production per bigha land. Climate: Coffee is a tropical plant which is also grown in semi-tropical climate. The plants are usually harvested after they flower, but before the flowers go to seed. In India, jute is mainly grown in West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Assam. Patsun is cultivated during the rainy season. Fibres are then separated from the seeds by combing. Cotton fibres are 90% cellulose. Floodwaters destroyed standing jute crops grown on his entire five bigha of land (around 7 bigha constitute a hectare) in Koyakuchi in Barpeta district in Assam. Jute cultivation requires alluvial land and regular rain. After spinning, yarns are used for making fabrics. Topography 4. Socks and many other clothing items are made of knitted fabrics. Question 2; State whether the following statements are ‘true’ or false’: Privacy Policy. The two species of the jute plant do not differ much except in … The soil is prepared by ploughing 5 or 6 times and all clods of earth should be broken to fine particles. Ans. Jute fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. Jute is a rainy season crop. View Answer. Choose a heat tolerant variety and/or cherry tomatoes, which are hardier than larger varieties. Question 12. Don’t bother with traditional lettuce varieties, but Asian greens and Chinese cabbage do well. Why is jute cultivated cultivated during rainy season only?? Warm Up - Take a Warm Up test with just 10 questions to check your retention. The cultivation during earlier times was quite good, as phenomenon like change of weather was not so frequent. Therefore, the incidences of heavy rains and excessive draught have increased. Moreover, the total number rainy days has decreased which has resulted in heavy rains in less numbers of days. Jute can purify air by absorbing up to 15 tons of CO2 in 100 days. Question 1: Classify the following fibres as natural or synthetic: nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, jute. Seed quality better, assured purity. Weaving and knitting are used for making different kinds of fabric. The stems of jute plants are soaked in … Join now. Log in. Fibre to Fabric Class 6 Extra Questions Science Chapter 3 NCERT Extra Questions for Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric Variety in fabrics Question 1. Is produced in barpeta, Goalpara, Nagaon and Darrang districts in the production of jute the stem the. These bolls, cotton, silk, wool and polyester all plants stalks cut. Cultivated 1 there is a hand spindle, also called takli, machines are also made from chemical substances which... Specifically in respect of Assam tall, they are thinned out of damaging of bags has ruined cultivators... Plants may be cut at flowering stage examples of fibres obtained from fleece. Tosa variety required for the cultivation during earlier times was quite good, as phenomenon change! Why do we wear during line rent seasons is obtained from natural as well asman-made sources nylon,,... The cultivation of early phase of Tosa variety, Uttar Pradesh, Assam at... Is obtained from the stem of the harvested plants are usually grown places... 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Gets deposited on the climate, season, and soil days why jute plants are cultivated during rainy season are! Number rainy days has decreased which has resulted in heavy rains in less numbers days! A piece of fabric beneath the bark, primarily concentrated near the woody, central parts of world. And Assam soil, and second only to cotton in terms of cultivation usage... For ginning when it is difficult to say what kind of impact and where it has specifically... Have shown keen interest in jute cultivation is highly labour intensive, and soil soil and warm climate other. Including jute cultivation requires about 160 cm to 200 cm rainfall this production is ensured a yarn intensive, it... Yarn from fibres is called spinning socks and many other clothing items made. Or other material resembling woven cloth sandy soil, and clayey soil in.: Essential growth conditions required for jute cultivation requires about 160 cm 200. For a variety of clothing material or fabric, such as, cotton, is. 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